The Imperative of Diverse and Distinctive Musical Creativities as Practices of Social Justice
Pamela Burnard, Laura Hassler, (et al.)
The Oxford Handbook of Social Justice in Music Education
Abstract: Social injustice and intercultural tensions are often bound up with conflicts that create intolerances: conflicts of memory, conflicts of value, and conflicts of cultural stereotyping, which serve to demarcate one group from the alien “other.” Raising awareness through research needs to position academics, researchers, non-academics, and arts organizations as collaborative partners for deliberating about and developing intercultural translation; this requires dialogue, exchange, and co-construction. What forms the core of this chapter, then, are findings of ongoing research, presented as a layered story interlocking elements in theory and practice relating to how different types of creativities are recognized and communicated in the diverse practices of a particular organization, Musicians without Borders, whose projects work with the power of music to connect communities. This chapter presents an exploration of the empathic and intercultural creativities that emerge in the songwriting and improvisational practices of musical creativities, empathy, interculturality, practices, improvisation, and songwriting.
Abstract: A discussion on the role of arts education in Musicians without Borders and the application of the power of music for healing and reconciliation in war-torn societies is presented in this chapter. While teaching instruments and musicianship in itself is never the ultimate objective of Musicians without Borders, an educative element is present in all musical interaction. Through vignettes taken from experiences in Palestine, Kosovo, Rwanda and Bosnia during music workshops, instrument classes and music therapy sessions, the authors reflect on the place that music education has in musical interactions that aim to restore the health of individuals and communities in post-conflict societies, and the possible applications of this approach in other settings.
The term ‘intercultural’ (as in ‘intercultural creativity’) acknowledges the complexity of locations, identities, and modes of expression in a global world, and the desire to raise awareness, foster intercultural dialogue, and facilitate understanding across and between cultures. In a globalized world faced with unprecedented challenges, intercultural communication and dialogue is considered key to facilitating possibilities that, previously, might not have been available to us. In this chapter, we identify how intercultural creativity can be recognized and evaluated in the practice of community musicians. The notion of ‘translation’ is related to the interrogation, not only of what intercultural creativity is, but also how it is experienced. This chapter features the work of Netherlands-based Musicians without Borders and UK-based Music Action International, and the voice of a Malaysia-based composer working in an intercultural environment. We examine collaboration between diverse communities and musicians. The chapter concludes with implications for educating and developing the community musician.